Algerian firefighters were on Thursday battling a string of blazes, fanned by drought and a blistering heatwave, that have killed at least 38 people and left destruction in their wake.
Deadly forest fires have become an annual scourge in the north African country, where the climate crisis is turning large areas into a tinderbox.
According to multiple sources, including local journalists and the fire service, at least 38 people have been killed, mostly in El Tarf province near Algeria’s eastern border with Tunisia, which was baking in 48C (118F) heat.
At least 200 more people have suffered burns or respiratory problems from the smoke, according to Algerian media.
A journalist in El Tarf described scenes of devastation on the road to El Kala in the country’s far north-east.
“A tornado of fire swept everything away in seconds,” he told AFP by telephone. “Most of those who died were surrounded while visiting a wildlife park.”
Emergency services were still battling a blaze around Tonga Lake, he said.
An AFP team in El Kala reported a strong smell of smoke and said authorities feared that strong winds could cause new fires to break out.
They also saw major damage in the wildlife park and a witness, who asked not to be named, said 12 people had been burned to death in their bus as they tried to escape.
Several roads in the area were closed.
State television reported on Thursday morning that the prime minister, Ayman Benabderrahmane, was visiting the area.
Firefighters were also battling a large blaze in the mountainous area of Souk Ahras, a journalist in the area told AFP.
He described scenes of panic in the city of half a million people, where nearly 100 women and 17 newborn babies had to be evacuated from a hospital near the forest.
Algerian television showed people fleeing their burning homes, women carrying children in their arms. Local media reports said 350 people had fled their homes.
About 39 blazes were ravaging various parts of northern Algeria, according to the fire service, and there were fears that hot winds could spark new fires that authorities are ill-equipped to fight.
The scenes sparked fears of a repeat of fires last year, which killed at least 90 people and ravaged 100,000 hectares (247,000 acres) of forest and farmland in the country’s north.
Last year’s catastrophe provoked bitter criticism of authorities over the lack of fire-fighting aircraft.
Authorities have rented a Russian Beriev Be-200 water bomber, but it had broken down and was not expected to be operational again until Saturday, the interior minister, Kamel Beldjoud, said.
The civil protection service and the army do have access to several firefighting helicopters.
Experts have called for a major effort to bolster the firefighting capacity of Africa’s biggest country, which has more than 4m hectares of forest.
One specialist, who asked not to be named, told AFP that in the 1980s the country had 22 Grumman aircraft for battling forest fires but that they had been “sold on the cheap, without any alternative solution being proposed”.
Algeria had agreed to buy seven firefighting aircraft from the Spanish firm Plysa but cancelled the contract after a diplomatic row over Western Sahara in late June, according to the specialist website Mena Defense.
Since early August 106 fires have broken out in Algeria, destroying 800 hectares of forest and 1,800 hectares of woodlands, according to Beldjoud, who said some had been caused by arson.